Cellular devices are designed to connect to the cell site nearby with the strongest signal. Cell-site simulators rely on a vulnerability in our communications system that the government should help fix rather than exploit.Â. Generally, there are two types of device used by law enforcement that are often referred to interchangeably: passive devices (which we will call IMSI catchers), and active devices (which we will call cell-site simulators.) Stingray devices – when used properly – mimic a cell tower and force all phones in range to link to them. Recently, Amnesty International reported finding that two prominent Moroccan human rights defenders had been targeted using Israeli-based NSO Group’s software. The Stingray deceives cell phones by imitating a cell tower. That's far more than any other tower they tested—96 percent of their data showed towers transmitting on just one channel—and represents a telltale sign of a stingray. Cell-site simulators can also log IMSI numbers (unique identifying numbers) of all of the mobile devices within a given area. It's old news that governments around the world are misusing private company-sold digital surveillance software track and target people for human rights abuses. Find helpful customer reviews and review ratings for C7 CORVETTE STINGRAY/Z06 RANGE AFM DISABLER DEVICE at Amazon.com. In one case, Annapolis Police used a cell-site simulator to investigate a robbery involving $56 worth of submarine sandwiches and chicken wings. This bill requires California police to get a warrant before using a cell-site simulator. The amendment to Oakland’s Surveillance and Community Safety Ordinance will make Oakland the third U.S. city to take this critical step toward protecting the safety, privacy, and civil liberties of its residents. The FTC recently took action against stalkerware developer Retina-X, the company behind apps MobileSpy, PhoneSheriff, and Teenspy. The government must be open about the use of these powerful tools and put rules on their usage in place to protect people’s Fourth Amendment rights and prevent abuse. Just this week WhatsApp sued... EFF continues our fight to have the U.S. courts protect you from mass government surveillance. In Baltimore, a judge concluded that law enforcement had intentionally withheld the information from the defense, in violation of their legal disclosure obligations. LEARN MORE ABOUT US, AND HOW YOU CAN HELP. Police can use cell-site simulators to try to find a suspect when they already know their phone’s identifying information, or to scoop up data on anyone in a specific area. AIMSICD Developement Team - Android open-source based project to detect and avoid fake base stations (IMSI-Catchers) or other base-stations (mobile antennas) with poor/no encryption in GSM/UMTS Networks. Stingray Monitoring is the only company in Wilmington that offers 24/7 service for installation. Apps for identifying the use of cell-site simulators, such as SnoopSnitch, may not be verifiably accurate. To exploit this, cell-site simulators broadcast signals that are either stronger than the legitimate cell sites around them, or are made to appear stronger. The city council of Somerville, Massachusetts voted unanimously last week to become the first city on the East Coast to ban government face surveillance. The equipment was fully funded by a U.S. EFF supported S.B. Earlier this week, Oakland’s City Council voted unanimously to ban local government use of face surveillance. The Miami-Dade Police Department apparently first purchased a cell-site simulator in 2003 to surveil protestors at a Free Trade of the Americas Agreement conference.Â. And when police use a Stingray, it’s not just the suspects’ phone information the device sucks up, but all the innocent people around such suspect as well. Marshals Service’s use of cell-site simulators on planes.Â, Along with the ACLU and ACLU of Maryland, we filed an amicus brief in the first case in the country where a judge threw out evidence obtained as a result of using a cell-site simulator without a warrant.Â, We filed an amicus brief, along with the ACLU, pointing a court to facts indicating that the Milwaukee Police Department secretly used a cell-site simulator to locate a defendant through his cell phone without a warrant in U.S. vs. Damian Patrick. It acts as an electronic vacuum cleaner, gathering information from every smartphone that comes into its range. Harris Corporation is the most prevalent company providing cell-site simulators to law enforcement. Cell site simulators, known as “stingrays,” impersonate cell towers and can capture information about any phone in its range — including in some cases calls, messages and data. Prosecutors have accepted plea deals to hide their use of cell-site simulators and have even dropped cases rather than revealing information about their use of the technology. Examples of "How To Tell" if your cell phone is picking up a fake Stingray cell phone tower. DiabloSport M1000X Plug-In Tuning Module (Marathon Obdii) (The government then admitted to having used it. Stingrays, also known as “cell site simulators” or “IMSI catchers,” are invasive cell phone surveillance devices that mimic cell phone towers and send out signals to trick cell phones in the area into transmitting their locations and identifying information. If your phone even does that. The map below tracks what we know, based on press reports and publicly available documents, about the use of stingray tracking devices by state and local police departments. This item C7 CORVETTE STINGRAY/Z06 RANGE AFM DISABLER DEVICE #1 Best Seller DiabloSport S1000 Sprint Car Fuel Management Module 2005 To Current GM Vehicles Sprint Car Fuel Management Module. Manufacturers Septier and Gamma GSM both provide information on what the devices can capture. The Stingray earned a great deal of negative attention when animal promoter and enthusiast Steve Irwin was stung by one and died. Stingray devices are categorized as cell-site simulators by the Federal Government. Law enforcement should obtain individualized warrants based on probable cause; Cell-site simulators should only be used for serious, violent crimes; Cell-site simulators should only be used for identifying location; Law enforcement must minimize the collection of data from people who are not the targets of the investigation. Once these devices connect, the stingray can be used to either hone in on the target’s location or, with some models, actually eavesdrop on conversations, text … Some cell-site simulators are small enough to fit in a police cruiser, allowing law enforcement officers to drive to multiple locations, capturing from every mobile device in a given area—in some cases up to 10,000 phones at a time. )Â, We were original co-sponsors of the California Electronic Communications Privacy Act (CalECPA), along with the ACLU and the California Newspaper Publisher Association. Following the map is a list of the federal agencies known to have the technology. Help ACLU take on assaults to our civil liberties at a moment's notice! Stingrays, also known as “cell site simulators” or “IMSI catchers,” are invasive cell phone surveillance devices that mimic cell phone towers and send out signals to trick cell phones in the area into transmitting their locations and identifying information. (ACLU), Your Secret Stingray's No Secret Anymore: The Vanishing Government Monopoly over Cell Phone Surveillance and Its Impact on National Security and Consumer Privacy (Harvard Journal of Law and Technology), Examining Law Enforcement Use of Cell Phone Tracking Devices (House Oversight Committee)Â, The Relentless “Eye” Local Surveillance: Its Impact on Human Rights and Its Relationship to National and International Surveillance (Center for Media Justice and others), Department of Justice Policy Guidance: Use of Cell-Site Simulator Technology (U.S. Department of Justice), Long-Secret Stingray Manuals Detail How Police Can Spy on Phones  (The Intercept), A Secret Catalogue of Government Gear for Spying on Your Cellphone (The Intercept). What is more, a Stingray device cannot be individually targeted to pick up only select smartphones. The Electronic Frontier Foundation has called the devices “an unconstitutional, all-you-can-eat data buffet.” The Stingray will “intercept” data traveling from your phone to a 2G tower. They can read your text messages, see where you are and more.  Law enforcement use cell-site simulators to pinpoint the location of phones with greater accuracy than phone companies. These indiscriminate, dragnet searches include phones located in traditionally protected private spaces, such as homes and doctors’ offices. The range of Harris Corporation’s Stingray, according to manuals previously leaked by the Intercept, is approximately 200 meters. Your Secret Stingray's No Secret Anymore: The Vanishing Government Monopoly over Cell Phone Surveillance and Its Impact on National Security and Consumer Privacy, Examining Law Enforcement Use of Cell Phone Tracking Devices, The Relentless “Eye” Local Surveillance: Its Impact on Human Rights and Its Relationship to National and International Surveillance, Department of Justice Policy Guidance: Use of Cell-Site Simulator Technology, Long-Secret Stingray Manuals Detail How Police Can Spy on Phones, A Secret Catalogue of Government Gear for Spying on Your Cellphone, San Francisco Supervisors Must Rein In SFPD’s Abuse of Surveillance Cameras, EFF to Court: Trump Appointee’s Removal of Open Technology Fund Leadership Is Unlawful, EFF Launches Searchable Database of Police Agencies and the Tech Tools They Use to Spy on Communities, Schools Are Pushing the Boundaries of Surveillance Technologies, Learn more at EFF's Surveillance Self-Defense guide for students, About Face: Ending Government Use of Face Surveillance, FTC Takes Action Against Stalkerware Company Retina-X, Private Companies, Government Surveillance Software and Human Rights, Americans Deserve Their Day in Court About NSA Mass Surveillance Programs, Victory: Oakland City Council Votes to Ban Government Use of Face Surveillance, Surveillance and Community Safety Ordinance, Victory: Somerville, Massachusetts Stands Up to Stop Face Surveillance. Insofar as law enforcement agencies are using cell-site simulators in criminal investigations, EFF argues that use should be limited in the following ways: We filed a Freedom of Information Act lawsuit to expose and shine light on the U.S. ACLU v. CBP - FOIA Case for CBP and ICE Records Related to the Use of Cell... ICE Using Powerful Stingray Surveillance Devices In Deportation Searches. U.S. Some devices have a range of “several kilometers,” meaning potentially thousands of people could have their privacy violated despite not being suspected of any crime. It has also been revealed that Stingrays force cellphones to send data back to the device “at full signal, consuming battery faster.” Thus, a constantly dying battery could be a … Homeland Security grant and the cost matches Harris Corp. prices lists for its Stingray device, Wessler said. However, various … Some cell-site simulators may have advanced features allowing law enforcement to intercept communications or even alter the content of communications. Stingray Tracking Devices: Who's Got Them? In Baltimore, the use of cell-site simulators disproportionately impacted African-American communities, according to a map included in an FCC complaint that overlaid where Baltimore Police were using stingrays over census data on the city’s black population. A “Stingray” is just one brand name; there are many makes and models. U.S. Marshalls have driven files hundreds of miles to thwart public records requests.  Additionally, marketing materials produced by the manufacturers of cell-site simulators indicate that they can be configured to divert calls and text messages, edit messages, and even spoof the identity of a caller in text messages and calls. Cell-site simulators, also known as Stingrays or IMSI catchers, are devices that masquerade as legitimate cell-phone towers, tricking phones within a certain radius into connecting to the device rather than a tower.Â. Generally, there are two types of device used by law enforcement that are often referred to interchangeably: passive devices (which we will call IMSI catchers), and active devices (which we will call cell-site simulators.) Some more advanced tools have been built, which may be more accurate. Other sellers of cell-site simulators include Atos, Rayzone, Martone Radio Technology, Septier Communication, PKI Electronic Intelligence, Datong (Seven Technologies Group), Ability Computers and Software Industries, Gamma Group, Rohde & Schwarz, Meganet Corporation. In light of this secrecy, the FBI told police officers to recreate evidence from the devices, according to a document obtained by the nonprofit investigative journalism outlet Oklahoma Watch.Â. 741, which requires transparency measures regarding the use of cell-site simulators. Police have used cell-site simulators to track location data without a warrant, by deceptively obtaining “pen register” orders from courts without explaining the true nature of the surveillance. Read honest and … Cell-site simulators operate by conducting a general search of all cell phones within the device’s radius, in violation of basic constitutional protections. Passive devices, as a rule, do not transmit any signals. Learn more at EFF's Surveillance Self-Defense guide for students.A school district in New York recently adopted facial recognition technology to monitor students, and it is now one of a growing number of schools across the country conducting mass privacy violations of kids in the name of “safety.” The... EFF wants to help end government use of face surveillance in your community. A recent Congressional Oversight Committee report called on Congress to pass laws requiring a warrant before using cell-site simulators. For the purposes of this article we will primarily discuss active cell-site simulators. They then decode (and sometimes decrypt) those signals to find the IMSI of the mobile device and track it. Show your ACLU pride and wear your rights. It can also intercept metadata (such as information about calls made and the amount of time on each call), the content of unencrypted phone calls and text messages and some types of data usage (such as websites visited). The Stingray has become so popular, in fact, that “Stingray” has become a generic name used informally to describe all kinds of IMSI catcher-style devices. Data collected by cell-site simulators can reveal intensely personal information about anyone who carries a phone, whether or not they have ever been suspected of a crime.Â, Once your cellular device has connected to a cell-site simulator, the cell-site simulator can determine your location and read identifying data such as IMSI or ESN numbers directly from your mobile device. An example would be if a person is in jail and requires a court ordered monitor before they can be released, Stingray Monitoring will be here for you. Law enforcement agencies all over the country possess Stingrays, though their use is often shrouded in secrecy. Once these connections are established, they enable the operator to collect all sorts of sensitive information.  Â. Police have tried to keep information secret in Sarasota, Florida, Tacoma, Washington, Baltimore, Maryland, and St. Louis, Missouri. In official testimonies law enforcement officials stated that the device gave them the ability to track the cell phone within 6 feet of its actual location and identify a specific phone within a highly populated apartment complex. Salangid Active Fuel Management Disable Device RA003 fit for GM V8 V6 engine. Any evidence obtained from a cell-site simulator without a warrant is inadmissible in court.Â. They're used by police, federal officials and hackers. The good news is that you can disable the Wi-Fi calling feature on your device, but Wi-Fi auto connect can only be disabled when such a network is in range. Cell-site simulators are used by the FBI, DEA, NSA, Secret Service, and ICE, as well as the U.S. Army, Navy, Marine Corps, and National Guard. But it wasn't until after the 2007 or 2008 release of the StingRay II, which included a GPS antennae to upgrade its phone location tracking, that the devices began really spreading across the … [ACLU v. CBP] Documents Released Under Lawsuit, ACLU v. CBP - Documents Released Under Lawsuit, We Need You With Us — help defend our civil liberties. Digital Receiver Technology, a division of Boeing, is also a common supplier of the technology, often referred to as “dirtboxes.”Â. In Detroit, U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement used a cell-site simulator to locate and arrest an undocumented immigrant.Â, Police have even deployed cell-site simulators at protests. Their Stingray product has become the catchphrase for these devices, but they have subsequently introduced other models, such as Hailstorm, ArrowHead, AmberJack, and KingFish. They work by plucking cellular transmissions out of the air, the same way an FM radio works. 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