[5] The leaf blades are typically 5–60 cm long, 2–14 mm wide and may be either hairy or smooth. Stolon internodes with or without hairs. Agronomy. Most types have low shade tolerance. Animal feed resources information system. kolophon. Digit grass can grow in a variety of soils, ranging from sands to heavy clay. Spread rapidly by runners and seed, particularly under persistent heavy grazing or regilar mowing. Australia developed ‘Advance’, a synthetic hybrid with a faster maturation. Mannetje, L.T. Brachiaria lata is a annual, tufted, erect or geniculately ascending grass that grows to a height of 30-150 cm. The leaf blade is coarse, broadly rounded, or cordate at the base, lanceolate in shape, 6–12 cm in length and 8–24 mm in width. Digitaria eriantha, commonly known as digitgrass[3] or Pangola-grass,[4] is a grass grown in tropical and subtropical climates. "Digitaria eriantha Steudel" FAO. Digitaria eriantha is sensitive to photoperiod and therefore requires ample sunshine for fast growth. https://web.archive.org/web/20171017021444/http://www.tropicalforages.info/key/Forages/Media/Html/Digitaria_eriantha.htm, http://www.fao.org/ag/AGP/AGPC/doc/Gbase/data/Pf000477.HTM, http://www.agric.wa.gov.au/objtwr/imported_assets/content/past/digit%20grass.pdf, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Digitaria_eriantha&oldid=992218165, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. It is tolerant to droughts, water lodging, suppresses weeds and grows relatively quickly post grazing. The common name for D. eriantha, Pangola grass, refers to the Pongola River in the eastern Transvaal in South Africa, where the grass is thought to have originated (CTAHR, 2016). Feedipedia. [6] There have been some genotypes that have demonstrated some resistance to this disease. Feedipedia. Agronomy Guidelines for establishment and management of sown forages. Archimede et al., 1999; Archimede et al., 1999; Butterworth et al., 1965; Butterworth, 1963; CIRAD, 1991; de Vega et al., 1997; Galgal et al., 1994; Hogan et al., 1989; Hunter et al., 1985; Hunter et al., 1986; Hunter et al., 1987; Kennedy, 1995; Minson, 1967; Minson, 1971; Perez-Maldonado et al., 1996; Rees et al., 1974; Rees et al., 1976; Rees et al., 1978; Rees et al., 1980; Rees et al., 1982; Tomkins et al., 1991; Walker, 1975, Feedipedia - Animal Feed Resources Information System - INRAE CIRAD AFZ and FAO © 2012-2020 | Copyright | Disclaimer | Editor login. There have been many countries that have developed cultivars of D. eriantha. Cynodon nlemfuensis (African Bermuda-grass) Reproductive Biology Evidence available suggests that C. Laegaard and Pozo, Under normal management, little fertiliser is required for survival, but stands are unproductive. The seeds require a clean seedbed for establishment and all seed needs to be evenly distributed when sowing in order to reduce competition in their early stages. Panic (Panicum massaiense) Pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) seeds. [5] Symptoms of an infected grass are: "stunting, yellowing, reddening, twisting of leaves, swelling of small veins, and excessive tillering". Home; About Feedipedia; Team; Partners; Sponsoring; Contact us; Search form. Moore, G, Sanford, P & Wiley, T., 2006. As a forage shrub, pigeonpea can be interplanted with grasses. Feedipedia. Cereal and grass forages; Legume forages; Forage trees; Aquatic plants; Other forage plants; Plant products/by-products. Frost affects the grasses ability to regrow after frosting.[5]. However it cannot persist when grown with Brachiaria decumbens or pangola grass. Feedipedia, a programme by INRA, CIRAD, AFZ and FAO. Pangola grass (Digitaria eriantha). Feed categories. Digitaria eriantha is susceptible to the rust Puccinia oahuensis which is a widespread disease found in the Americas and Australia. Pangola grass is utilized extensively as grass for animal grazing, hay and silage making. Sign in Sign up for FREE Prices and download plans [5] Therefore, digit grass also shows great promise in subtropical and tropical areas where rainfall is heavier and in short burst. It grows well with ori, molasses, guinea and napier grass. Soil Req – Pangola grass can grow on a wide range of soil types from sands to heavy clays. Feed categories. Most serious disease affecting Digit grass is pangola stunt virus (PSV), which is a dwarfing disease that has reduced the usefulness of the grass. However, it does not as well with signal grass (Brachiaria decumbens) and pangola grass (Digitaria eriantha) (FAO, 2015; Cook et al., 2005). The ideal rainfall requirement is estimated to be 450 mm and for seeds about 750 mm. A food–feed production system integrates the leaves and the by-products of on-farm food production to grass production in ruminant feeding. Ability to spread. summarized primarily from Sweet & Burke and Feedipedia ... Smuts finger grass, digit grass) Description – More or less robust perennial, growing either as a dense tussock, with or without extended stolons or as a continuous stoloniferous sward. Sponsored by. Pangola grass (Digitaria eriantha) Pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) forage. Establishment. Sponsored by. [8] In the warm season, digit grass can withstand high trampling, high stocking density and 30 day rotations. Papyrus (Cyperus papyrus) Pineapple mill juice. Feedipedia. developed. All feeds; Forage plants. Soil Req – Pangola grass can grow on a wide range of soil types from sands to heavy clays. It can root from its lower nodes. In Taiwan, the pangola grass is grown on slopes angled at about 10-14 degrees. Pests and diseases . Retrieved 2013-11.14. BRIDGEWALL TEMPERATURE PDF. Guidelines for establishment and management of sown forages. Pangola grass definition, a grass, Digitaria decumbens, native to southern Africa, cultivated for hay and forage in the southeastern U.S. See more. ), Rhodes grass mealy bug (Antonina graminis), chinch bug (Blissus leucopterus), sugar-cane aphid (Sipha flava), armyworms, root-knot nematodes and smut fungi. Feed categories. The best height to keep the grass at is between 10–15 cm and 30–40 cm. Most yields harvested in the fall were lower in protein, but application of nitrogen 3 weeks before grazing increased digestible crude protein and consumption rates. It can withstand very heavy grazing and grows quite quickly. Early elite variety, distributed to other countries including Malawi and USA. Animal feed resources information system. Star grass (Cynodon nlemfuensis) | Feedipedia. [5] D. eriantha can also be used to suppress weeds. This grass demonstrates great potential for farmers in Africa in subtropical and tropical climates, mostly for livestock feed. The estimated appropriate soil pH is >4.2. Pangola grass is widely used as roughage for livestock to obtain quality and safety of meat and milk. Usually digit grass is used for hay and pasture. [8] Therefore, though D. eriantha can be stored quite easily, it loses crude protein over time. While tolerant of heavy grazing, it is less so than many other stoloniferous grasses such as Digitaria eriantha (Pangola grass). Home; About Feedipedia; Team; Partners; Sponsoring; Contact us; Search form. Dry matter digestibility varies from 45 - 70%. Cereal and grass forages; Legume forages; Forage trees; Aquatic plants; Other forage plants; Plant products/by-products. Freshly harvested seed is dormant, with ecotypes from high rainfall areas having short dormancy and ecotypes from low rainfall having extended dormancy. Generally few problems with pests and diseases. Heuzé V., Tran G., Archimède H., 2015. [5] "It is perennial, sometimes stoloniferous or tufted". Paperback thorn (Acacia sieberiana) Pineapple leaves. Requires higher fertility than Paspalum notatumHemarthria altissima and Digitaria eriantha pangola. For example, crude protein levels may be as low as 3% or as high as 25%, but commonly about 12%. summarized primarily from Sweet & Burke and Feedipedia ... Smuts finger grass, digit grass) Description – More or less robust perennial, growing either as a dense tussock, with or without extended stolons or as a continuous stoloniferous sward. As with all tropical grasses, the feeding value of pangola grass is very dependent on the stage of growth and level of fertilisation, young growth having much higher protein and digestibility levels than older growth. Pangola is a ideal pasture to plant to assist with the control of Giant rats tail grass and to control erosion once established it forms a dense coverage which helps to reduce germination of seed. Ia tumbuh dengan baik di berbagai kondisi tanah, namun tumbuh sangat baik di tanah lembap. Agronomy . Watch Queue Queue. Guidelines for establishment and management of sown forages. [8] When bulldozed across the slope, the yield was higher than when it was bulldozed down the field. Digitaria eriantha is a monocot and in the family of Poaceae. [8] Thus, if this grass is grazed on time, this crop has great potential for poor farmers who require large yields for their livestock or pasture. Stoloniferous types of D. eriantha typically can be very competitive and suppress companion crops. Pangola grass is a tropical crop containing high protein and fibre. Grasses: Chloris gayana, Digitaria eriantha (pangola grass), Megathyrsus maximus, Cenchrus clandestinus, C. purpureus, Setaria sphacelata, Urochloa decumbens. Feed categories. All feeds; Forage plants. It is tolerant to droughts, water lodging, suppresses weeds and grows relatively quickly post grazing. [8], Most D. eriantha yields are affected by slopes, where the direction of bulldozing affected the yield size. Prices and download plans . Automatic translation . Tall late flowering varieties are commonly grown as a food grain crop intercropped with sorghum or millet in the semi-arid tropics. Under very wet conditions, leaf blight caused by Rhizoctonia solani … It grows relatively well in various soils, but grows especially well in moist soils. Feedipedia. Home; About Feedipedia; Team; Partners; Sponsoring; Contact us; Search form. The species is highly variable, considered by some as a complex in need of studies (PROTA, 2016). There are also records of leaf blight disease caused by Rhizoctonia solani during the rainy season, black choke on inflorescences and leaves caused by Ephelis sp. Cereal grains and by-products; … Digitaria eriantha, commonly known as digitgrass or Pangola-grass, is a grass grown in tropical and subtropical climates. [7] Typically per 100 g, the forage contains 10.8 g of protein, 2.0 g of fat, 74.4 g of carbohydrate, 29.8 g of fiber, 450 mg of calcium and 350 mg of phosphorus. Cutting for hay, silage, barn betting is possible as well. Fire. Recovery after fire better than D. eriantha (pangola grass), although some ecotypes better than others. When sown for pasture, it does well with elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum), forage sorghums (Sorghum bicolor), millet species, Guinea grass (Megathyrsus maximus), pangola grass (Digitaria eriantha), gamba grass (Andropogon gayanus) or Dichanthium aristatum. Feedipedia. [6] Typically, it is the digit grass seed’s head that will be infected by smut and only under humid conditions. [7] The ideal condition for the digit grass is full sun and well-drained moist soils. Establishment Freshly harvested seed is dormant, with ecotypes from high rainfall areas having short dormancy and ecotypes from low rainfall having extended dormancy. Digit grass generally is also frost sensitive, where many genotypes show differences in frost tolerance. Cereal and grass forages; Legume forages; Forage trees; Aquatic plants; Other forage plants; Plant products/by-products. The sufficient amount of nitrogen fertilizer is estimated at between 100 and 300 kg/ha N.[5] This amount should be applied at different times, rather than a single application at the start of the season. meal is a noteworthy alternative protein source. For larger-scale animal production, detoxified jatropha Jatropha sp.) Sponsored by. Cereal grains and by-products; … Recovery after fire better than D. eriantha (pangola grass), although some ecotypes better than others. Watch Queue Queue Today, it is distributed in many humid subtropical and tropical areas. [5] Weeds are typically suppressed. Cereal and grass forages; Legume forages; Forage trees; Aquatic plants; Other forage plants; Plant products/by-products. $55 Inc per tray located Childers. Digit grass is also quite tolerant of flooding and waterlogging. Stolon internodes with or without hairs. Some genotypes have become more tolerant than others, more specifically D. setivalva in Malaysia is rated medium for shade tolerance. A cultivar of Milanje finger grass (D. setivalva), formally denoted as 'Mardi' in Malaysia, is used for its high production in wet tropics. [5] The lowest basal leaf sheaths are densely hairy, or very rarely smooth. Neither is infected by pangola stunt virus (unlike many other Digitaria spp.). However, seeds are better adapted to sandy loam soils compared to heavier soils because seedling establishment is easier. Digitaria eriantha, umumnya dikenal sebagai rumput digit or rumput pangola, adalah sejenis rumput yang tumbuh di daerah beriklim tropis dan subtropis. Animal feed resources information system. Papaya (Carica papaya) fruits, leaves and by-products. [5] Each inflorescence typically has six or seven spicate branches, each of which carries numerous florets. When it is intended to be used in association with grasses, tropical kudzu Rumput ini toleran terhadap kekeringan, tingkat kejenuhan tanah terhadap air, menekan gulma, dan tumbuh relatif cepat pasca penggembalaan. Has grown well with Chloris gayana and been planted into pangola grass (Digitaria eriantha). The most serious disease of D. eriantha is pangola stunt virus, transmitted by whitebacked planthopper (Sogatella furcifera Homoptera: Delphacidae), or S. kolophon. Currently, the guideline for the production of quality Pangola Grass and field management is not established. Digit grass has low to moderate salt/alkalinity tolerance and moderate tolerance of aluminum. About Feedipedia; Team; Partners; Sponsoring; Contact us; Search form. There are many others names for D. eriantha, such as common finger grass, digit grass, pangola grass, woolly finger grass (English), digitaria (French), pangolagras (German) and pangola, pasto pangola (Spanish).[5]. [6] Each grass, erect or ascending, reaches between 35 and 180 cm tall. [5] Other insects and pests affecting D. eriantha are as follows: spittlebugs (Tomaspis spp. Thus it is essential to use the grazed digit grass sooner rather than later. Pigweed (Chenopodium album) Paper. When used as a green manure kudzu is directly incorporated into the soil. [5] This grass thrives in warm, moist environments where it will generally grow very quickly. tussock grasses for permanent pasture. Interpretation  pangola grass /pang goh"leuh, pan-/ a grass, Digitaria decumbens, native to southern Africa, cultivated for hay and forage in the southeastern U.S. [1945-50; var. Practical information: tips and solutions. This video is unavailable. When used as a forage crop P. phaseoloides is mainly grazed. These spikelets are usually 2–4 mm long, where the lower glume is as long as the spikelet and the upper glumes are where the lemma is situated (covered with 1 mm long hairs). " Pangola grass for quick feed " " Pangola grass for quick feed. Digitaria eriantha is considered to be of very high quality within the class of tropical grasses. Find link is a tool written by Edward Betts.. searching for AFZ 173 found (174 total) alternate case: aFZ Air Force of Zimbabwe (2,820 words) exact match in snippet view article find links to article The Air Force of Zimbabwe (AFZ) is the air force of the Zimbabwe Defence Forces.It was known as the Rhodesian Air Force until 1980. Feedipedia. Pineapple by-products . All feeds; Forage plants. Feedipedia. It can improve animal performance sustainably at smallholder farms. Tufted types generally combine well with other crops, more specifically legumes. Pangola grass is also attacked by the fungi, Mycosphaerella tassina, Piricularia grisea, and Rhizoctonia solani. Ideal for planting behind a single tyne ripper etc. [Digitaria decumbens] " Pangola grass (Digitaria eriantha Steud., synonym D. decumbens) is one of recent examples of grasses that have been successfully introduced to Southeast Asia and is often considered as one of the highest quality tropical grasses popularly grown as pasture. After cutting, digit grass has 12.1% crude protein and decreases to 5.0% if used in the water for animal feed. Legumes: Macroptilium atropurpureum, Macrotyloma axillare, Leucaena leucocephala. Pangola in the United States is used because of its resistance to root-knot nematode and thrives on sandy soils infested with cotton root-knot nematode.[5]. Digitaria eriantha has moderate to high drought tolerance, which demonstrates great potential for those who live in arid or semi-arid climates, such as Sub-Saharan Africa. [6] Once established, seedling can grow vigorously on clay soils. [8] As it grows fairly quickly with sufficient sunshine, it ideally needs to be grazed every 2–3 weeks. Furthermore, it is considered to have low shade tolerance. In the cool season, a 60-day rotation is recommended for high production. All feeds; Forage plants. It grows relatively well in various soils, but grows especially well in moist soils. All genotypes are very tolerant of heavy grazing, where regular grazing is required to maintain quality and minimize diseases/pests. [5] The crop offers great potential to poor farmers due to its potential for fairly high yield, and the low labour required to sustain production and pasture health. Sponsored by. : a rapid-growing perennial grass (Digitaria decumbens) of southern Africa that has been introduced into the southern U.S. as a pasture grass First Known Use of pangola grass 1948, in the meaning defined above History and Etymology for pangola grass Automatic translation . Swazi grass is less affected by moulds and other diseases than Queensland blue couch. Automatic translation . For fast growth Archimède H., 2015 D. setivalva in Malaysia is rated medium for shade tolerance attacked the... Widespread disease found in the cool season, digit grass sooner rather than later numerous.. 2–14 mm wide and may be either hairy or smooth grain crop with..., Republic of South pangola grass feedipedia ] * * * Universalium to regrow after.... Infected by pangola stunt virus ( unlike many other Digitaria spp. ) ]! 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Spicate branches, Each of which carries numerous florets and pests affecting eriantha... Tolerant than others ] `` About Feedipedia ; Team ; Partners ; Sponsoring ; Contact us ; form... And suppress companion crops, 2016 ) rumput ini toleran terhadap kekeringan, tingkat kejenuhan tanah terhadap,! From 45 - 70 % grows quite quickly with sufficient sunshine, it loses crude protein over.... Altissima and Digitaria eriantha pangola '' Retrieved 2013-11-14 furthermore, it loses crude protein and fibre mm! Forage crop P. phaseoloides is mainly grazed been many countries that have some! ; Aquatic plants ; Plant products/by-products, guinea and napier grass and milk stoloniferous types of D. can...