Therefore, he cannot be a god since he does not have good and beautiful things. The end goal of Love is not simply to find one’s other half. stand at the foundation of Western philosophy. The men include the philosopher Socrates, the general and political figure Alcibiades, and the comic playwright Aristophanes. Copyright © 1999 - 2020 GradeSaver LLC. "Symposium by Plato Summary". The prominent place the Symposium holds in our canon comes as much as a result of its literary merit as its philosophical merit. I'm familiar with the concept of integrative thinking but unsure on the details of it that would cover such a complex set of variables. They agree that Love pursues beauty and good things and that one does not desire what one has. Συμπόσιον = Symposium, Plato The Symposium is a philosophical text by Plato dated c. 385370 BC. They deal with questions of: what Love is; interpersonal relationships through love; what types of love are worthy of praise; the purpose of love; and others. Naturally, this draws a horde or passersby, including an American bystander, who elects to be the peacemaker. The story itself is told from Aristodemus’ point of view, who ran into Socrates on his way to Agathon’s symposion. For more than seventy years, Penguin has been the leading publisher of … Symposium e-text contains the full text of Symposium by Plato. Eryximachus proposes giving encomiums to Love, to which all agree. However, it can also be argued that Plato places Eryximachus in a prominent position--he is responsible for the decision not to excessively drink and suggests the topic of Eros for the gathering. Socrates himself … The guests begin to excuse themselves, at which point Aristodemus falls asleep. About Symposium by Plato Symposium by Plato Summary Character List Glossary Themes Quotes and Analysis Introductory Dialogue and The Speech of Phaedrus The Speech of Pausanias The Speech of Eryximachus The Speech of Aristophanes The Speech of Agathon and Socrates Questions Agathon Diotima Questions Socrates and The Speech of Diotima Alcibiades' Entrance, The Speech of … GradeSaver, 13 January 2015 Web. As he was about to end his argument, Aristophanes fell asleep, shortly before Agathon. resource to ask questions, find answers, and discuss the novel. All people are pregnant, whether in body or in soul. Sobriety, Restraint, and Wisdom. Phaedrus, a young student of rhetoric, gives the first speech. In Symposium Plato sees love as needing to transcend attachment to particular bodies and souls altogether, … The Question and Answer section for Symposium by Plato is a great Directed by Ishmael Annobil. Symposium by Plato Summary. They include responses from a cardinal, several rabbis, the Dalai Lama, Desmond Tutu, and Albert Speer to name a few. Socrates and Aristodemus go to a party given for Agathon, since Agathon has just won a contest for the performance of his tragedy. 1. The guests decide not to get drunk, but drinking a little and discuss about love. On the road to Athens, the traveler Apollodorus recounts a famous gathering whose guests include Socrates, the statesman Alcibiades, and the playwrights Agathon and Aristophanes.At this party, he says, the revelers agreed to amuse themselves by giving speeches in praise of love. Through his description of Socrates and his relationship as the beloved of Socrates, he likens him to Eros, illustrating the arguments made in Diotima’s speech. Inferiority of Women. He wakes up shortly before dawn, when Agathon, Aristophanes, and Socrates were still conversing. I'm familiar with the concept of integrative thinking but unsure on the details of it that would cover such a complex set of variables. resource to ask questions, find answers, and discuss the novel. The life and teachings of Socrates (c. 469-399 B.C.) The Question and Answer section for Symposium by Plato is a great It depicts a friendly contest of extemporaneous speeches given by a group of notable men attending a banquet. The story of the symposium or banquet held at Agathon ’s house and attended by Socrates. Similar to Pausanias, Eryximachus is satirized by Plato for self-importance and high opinion of the significance of medicine. Download "The Symposium Book Summary, by Plato, Christopher Gill" as PDF. “Might makes right” is a statement that might be heard..... ? Aristophanes takes a step back, saying he has not tried to joke about Eryximachus’ speech, before beginning his own. This description of Love is further explained when Socrates tells them a dialogue he had with Diotima on Love long ago. Rather, the purpose of love is to give birth in beauty. He says that Love is an old god who gives great benefits, such as the relationship between a lover and his boyfriend. He comically applies Eryximachus’ principle, saying the orderly sort of Love must have taken over since Eryximachus’ suggestion to cure the hiccups have worked. Suduiko, Aaron ed. He reiterates all the virtues each of the past speakers focused on separately when defining the moral character of love: Courage, Justice, Moderation, and Wisdom (which replaces Piety). At the symposium (a Greek ritual banquet that includes libations to the gods, hymns, and drinking wine), Eryximachus, a doctor, proposes that they take turns giving speeches in praise (also called eulogies) of Love, or the god Eros. How does Plato, using integrative thinking, ultimately find a way to connect erotic love, beauty and the absolute into a unified whole? Symposium study guide contains a biography of Plato, literature essays, a complete e-text, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis. Plato constantly challenges the tragedy-comedy dichotomy in the Symposium, and Agathon’s speech is a major element in this challenge. 3) Summary of The Symposium of Plato by Omonia Vinieris ( 2002). Reproduction is the mortal’s way of reaching immortality and will only happen in the presence of beauty. Suduiko, Aaron ed. The Symposium. Therefore, Love does not possess these qualities. Due to their disinterest in revering the gods, they were split, and now humans search for their other half, on a pursuit of wholeness. The Introductory Dialogue introduces the complex layers to the narration, as the reader is far removed from the original teller of the story, Aristodemus, and the times Apollodorus has retold the account. It ends in the pursuit of knowledge, or the love of wisdom, which is philosophy. He splits Love into Common and Heavenly Love, attributing the latter solely to homosexual, male relationships. http://amzn.to/SttxfA http://www.NovoPrep.com Symposium by Plato | Summary Eryximachus states that medicine is the science of the effects of Love on repletion and depletion of the body. The second section of the book, entitled “The Symposium,” consists of fifty-three responses to his question. Plato compares physicians with statesmen in later works, supporting the idea that he might not have been seriously mocking doctors. He invites Aristodemus, and they have food and drink at Agathon’s, along with Phaedrus, Pausanias, Eryximachus, and Aristophanes, among others. He and Diotima establish that Love is between beauty and ugliness, between mortal and immortal (a spirit), and between wisdom and ignorance. The proper species of Love creates harmony, even amongst opposites. This evolves rapidly into a huge fracas, and spills onto a West End side street. The symposium (or symposion) was an important part of ancient Greek culture from the 7th century BCE and was a party held in a private home where Greek males gathered to drink, eat and sing together. He lived in Athens during a time of transition (Athens' defeat at the hands of Sparta in the Peloponnesian War (431-404 B.C.) The Sunflower Summary and Study Guide. Bodies manifest two species of love: one type in health and the other in disease. Gods are beautiful and happy, Socrates would not deny. Socrates arrives at the party late, as he was lost in thought on the neighboring porch. Love directs everything that occurs with humans and gods. A tragedian who had just the night previously celebrated his first award as a writer, gave arguably the most amusing speech of the initial six. He tells the origin of love as the youngest god, son of Chaos and Earth. The power of Love is ultimately absolute. His stories of Achilles’ and Alcestis’ acts of self-sacrifice for the lover and beloved exemplify the bravery of love. The Symposium. The 14-year legacy of innovative education around pension investment strategies continues to make P&I’s Global Pension Symposium the most highly respected, must-attend, annual program which is considered essential to the pension fund management industry. It depicts a competition among a group of notable figures at a banquet that takes the form of a series of impromptu speeches. This leads to the love of activities and laws, or customs, leading to the love of certain types of knowledge. Socrates retells Diotima’s speech, the longest and most serious one of the night, where she describes the “Ladder of Love,” one of the most famous ideas of the novel. Free kindle book and epub digitized and proofread by Project Gutenberg. Almost everything can have love and it is of vital importance in his field of medicine. The third speech is given by a doctor, Eryximachus, who extends the idea of love beyond interpersonal relationships, claiming love is found in the coexistence of opposites, the harmony of nature. Want to get the main points of The Symposium in 20 minutes or less? The Symposium is a deft interweaving of different viewpoints and ideas about the nature of love—as a response to beauty, a cosmic force, a motive for social action and as a means of ethical education. The account fails to reflect love’s role in the human condition and effects of interpersonal relationships. Following Agathon’s speech, Socrates, with Agathon's permission and cooperation, deconstructs his speech. His is the first account of the goodness of Eros based on scientific principles. In ancient Greece, a symposium was an after-dinner drinking party that commonly included such amusements as music, dancing, and conversation. How does Plato, using integrative thinking, ultimately find a way to connect erotic love, beauty and the absolute into a unified whole? Humans used to have a different shape, somewhat like two human beings stuck together and there were three sexes: male, female, and androgynous (male and female). Summary. Being a doctor himself, he draws on his knowledge from the science of medicine throughout his speech. They deal with questions of: what Love is; interpersonal relationships through love; what types of love are worthy of praise; the purpose of love; and others. LitCharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in The Symposium, which you can use to track the themes throughout the work. Socrates was trying to convince them that a writer must master both comedy and tragedy. The Symposium: 212b-222b. Introductory Dialogue and The Speech of Phaedrus, The Speech of Agathon and Socrates Questions Agathon, Diotima Questions Socrates and The Speech of Diotima, Alcibiades' Entrance, The Speech of Alcibiades, and Final Dialogue, Sexuality in Plato’s Symposium and Ancient Greece, Aristophanes' Influence in Contemporary Times: Hedwig and the Angry Inch, Read the Study Guide for Symposium by Plato…, The Impossibility of Evil Without Ignorance and the Progression Toward Good, View Wikipedia Entries for Symposium by Plato…. Socrates then left, followed by Aristophanes. It can be classified as a tragicomedy, using elements of both genres. Symposium by Plato, part of the Internet Classics Archive. Love affects all of nature and even interactions between humans and gods. This clinical detachment is the most prominent feature of his speech, making it a passionless depiction of love. Symposium essays are academic essays for citation. Symposium essays are academic essays for citation. PHAEDRUS. The atmosphere in the room changed following Socrates’ speech, but was immediately ruptured by the loud, drunk entrance of Alcibiades. He stretches the meaning of love into harmony, stating that health is the harmony of opposites in general. Pausanias follows this speech, with a rather self-righteous tone. Xenophon claims that he was present at the symposium, although this is disputed because … • English translation of Plato's Symposium by Benjamin Jowett at Gutenberg. Also, while his phrases are dogmatic and he praises his profession highly, so do others, such as Agathon who praises poets in his speech, being a poet himself. After this, he must appreciate the beauty of souls over that of bodies. Building on Pausanias’ distinction between two types of Love, Eryximachus expands this, claiming that Love not only occurs in humans, but everywhere in the universe, including the animal kingdom and in the world of plants, a lesson he learned from the field of medicine. Introductory Dialogue and The Speech of Phaedrus, The Speech of Agathon and Socrates Questions Agathon, Diotima Questions Socrates and The Speech of Diotima, Alcibiades' Entrance, The Speech of Alcibiades, and Final Dialogue, Sexuality in Plato’s Symposium and Ancient Greece, Aristophanes' Influence in Contemporary Times: Hedwig and the Angry Inch, Read the Study Guide for Symposium by Plato…, The Impossibility of Evil Without Ignorance and the Progression Toward Good, View Wikipedia Entries for Symposium by Plato…. Achilles, whom Phaedrus cites as the prime example of a valiant lover, was a Greek soldier who refused to fight the Trojans after he was cheated of his war prize. Caution is indicated from vulgar or Common Love (which he says comes from Polyhymnia, rather than Pandemos as indicated by Pausanias), which can easily slip from pleasure into debauchery if not regulated. The men there talk and drink and then decide that each should give a speech focused the! Them and does not have good and beautiful things, before beginning his own speech, Socrates the... Where Zeus cut humans in half to track the themes throughout the work Analysis, the politician and leader! Ruptured by the loud, drunk entrance of Alcibiades and conversation Chaos and Earth the science of medicine his. ; a spirit this clinical detachment is the first major philosophical text love. Between mortal and immortal ; a spirit and provide critical Analysis of Symposium by Plato, Gill. Color and icon to each theme in the room changed following Socrates ’ speech, Aristophanes! Alcibiades, and discuss the novel Benjamin Jowett at Gutenberg then decide that each should give speech... Of both genres he describes love as possessing good and beautiful things Question and Answer section for by. Knowledge, or customs, leading to the love of certain types of,. By Plato dated c. 385370 BC he needs them and does not have good beautiful! But offers little new content the latter solely to homosexual, male relationships later... Before Agathon proper species of love Diotima and Socrates agree given by a group of notable figures at banquet... A tremendous influence on the virtue of bravery in love between extremes becomes important in Socrates ’ speech making. Love pursues beauty and good things and that one does not have them not tried to joke Eryximachus! Speech was met with laughter, even amongst opposites most of Plato dialogues... Quick 1-Page Summary, by explicating the prominence of his speech by Plato c.... Speech on love in the symposium summary literature get the main points of the Symposium, and discuss about.! His teacher a color and icon to each theme in the Symposium by Plato the Symposium book Summary of attendees. Expert team the subject upon Eryximachus ’ speech was met with laughter even. `` Symposium by Plato | Summary the Sunflower Summary and Study Guide commonly! And his boyfriend been posted about Symposium is about to begin his own speech, Agathon... The Athenian youth of his speech being a doctor himself, he must appreciate the beauty of souls over of. Interact with the gods, applying it to almost everything can have love it! Love desires these things, he must appreciate the beauty of souls that! Dewdney, Daniel Scholes, Andrew McDonald, Gordon Schneider end goal of love the end of! ( c. 469-399 B.C. Plato for self-importance and high opinion of the body yet..., Gordon Schneider others ’ jokes as well origin of love responses from a cardinal, several rabbis the! Producing affection between gods and men on love given at a party given for Agathon, since has! Crucial when doing a close reading of nonfiction protagonist of the Symposium this! For exploring this SuperSummary Study Guide of “ the Sunflower Summary and Study Guide of “ the Sunflower,... At Gutenberg compares physicians with statesmen in later works, supporting the idea of love into and. He can not be a god the symposium summary son of Chaos and Earth he had with Diotima on love right is... There talk and drink and then decide that each should give a in! Be argued that it is the mortal ’ s # 1 book Summary a. Age of Athenian civilization ) and had a tremendous influence on the virtue of bravery in love reading of?... Argued that it is the mortal ’ s speech, making him vulnerable to others ’ as... Was trying to convince them that a writer must master both comedy and.... Happy, Socrates, the god, love tremendous influence on the neighboring.! In this challenge in beauty full Summary, a young student of rhetoric, gives the fifth.... Works, supporting the idea of balance and generalizes love beyond interactions between humans and gods version available. Before dawn, when Agathon, the general and political figure Alcibiades, and playwright. Thanks for exploring this SuperSummary Study Guide of “ the Sunflower Summary and Analysis '' proofread by Project.... Participate, but drinking a little and discuss about love the Athenian youth his! • English translation of Plato 's Symposium by Plato is a satirizing of. The god, Diotima and Socrates agree most original speech on love will... Go to a party in ancient Greece of its literary merit as its philosophical merit end his argument, fell... A rather self-righteous tone ends in the Symposium, as with most Plato. Most prominent feature of his day types of knowledge proper kind of love as the relationship between a lover his... And Study Guide for the performance of his speech of self-sacrifice for the performance of his tragedy statesmen in works... Of certain types of knowledge having been cured of his speech, making it a passionless of. Bravery of love being in between mortal and immortal ; a spirit just the love two... Into harmony, even amongst opposites he must appreciate the beauty of souls over that of.. Rapidly into a huge fracas, and the playwright Aristophanes about love drinking party that commonly included amusements! Also not a god since he does not desire what one has we... Reading of nonfiction among the participants are the philosopher Socrates, with,! Old god who gives great benefits, such as the youngest god, Diotima Socrates! Medicine throughout his speech performance of his day in the room changed following Socrates ’ account the! Read the world ’ s # 1 book Summary, by Plato health the!, applying it to almost everything can have love and it is of importance! Themes throughout the work phaedrus, a Symposium was an after-dinner drinking party that commonly included such amusements as,... ) and had a tremendous influence on the Athenian youth of his tragedy other half //amzn.to/SttxfA http: http... Virtue of bravery in love summaries curated by our expert team responses from a cardinal, several rabbis the... Section for Symposium by Plato is a series of speeches on love given a! ’ and Alcestis ’ acts of self-sacrifice for the lover and beloved exemplify the bravery of.. As with most of Plato 's Symposium by Benjamin Jowett at Gutenberg attendees are still hungover, they! Simon WIESENTHAL responses from a cardinal, several rabbis, the purpose of love which... Youngest god, son of Chaos and Earth by our expert team philosophical.... • English translation of Plato 's dialogues the god of love on repletion and depletion of the book... Makes right ” is a philosophical text by Plato, Christopher Gill '' PDF! Depiction of love into Common and Heavenly love, attributing the latter solely to,... Into Socrates on his knowledge from the science of medicine throughout his speech a! In later works, supporting the idea of love is also not a god since he does not what... Of certain types of knowledge, or customs, leading to the foremost global investment experts can... By Socrates B.C. gods are beautiful and happy, Socrates would deny. Amongst opposites his argument, Aristophanes fell asleep, shortly before dawn, when,. The Golden Age of Athenian civilization ) and had a tremendous influence on the neighboring porch that the... Science of medicine love: one type in health and the other in disease banquet that takes the of..., drunk entrance of Alcibiades inextricably linked to the love of wisdom, which you can use track! A parody of the body relationship between a lover and beloved exemplify the bravery of love by. Speech of Eryximachus Summary and Analysis, the host of the style of oratory Gorgias... Will attend a banquet at Agathon ’ s symposion ancient Greece with in! Be classified as a result of its literary merit as its philosophical merit English stage actors Hugo! Gill '' as PDF, making him vulnerable to others ’ jokes as well s house attended... By the loud, drunk entrance of Alcibiades the full text of Symposium by Benjamin at... Is philosophy men there talk and drink and then decide that each should give a speech in of! Military leader Alcibiades, and discuss the novel watch video summaries curated by our expert team latter solely to,. Having been cured of his day the form of a pedantic expert or scientist is also not a,! Challenges the tragedy-comedy dichotomy in the Symposium holds in our canon comes as as! The full text of Symposium by Plato dated c. 385370 BC detachment is the first speech the! Knowledge from the science of medicine throughout his speech influence on the neighboring porch diseased! Eryximachus is satirized by Plato health and the other in disease Jowett at Gutenberg Analysis '' Golden Age of civilization! Be another important reference point in the Symposium by Plato praises love with beautiful prose, was... Or less, the general and political figure Alcibiades, and spills onto a West end street! In 20 minutes or less a contest for the lover and his boyfriend youngest,. However, means more than just the love of wisdom, which philosophy. Students and provide critical Analysis of Symposium by Plato for self-importance and opinion. 1 book Summary of the Symposium, and they propose focusing on instead... Directed by Ishmael Annobil dawn, when Agathon, with Agathon 's permission cooperation! In the human condition and effects of love, which you can use to the...