It was once the largest in the New World. Provincia de Pichincha . Quito (/ˈkiːtoʊ/; Spanish pronunciation: [ˈkito] (listen); Quechua: Kitu; formally Saint Francis of Quito) is the capital of Ecuador, the country's most populous city [2] and at an elevation of 2,850 metres (9,350 ft) above sea level, it is the second highest official capital city in the world, and the closest to the equator. [55] The Intiñan Solar Museum provides a demonstration which purports to show the Coriolis force causing a clockwise rotation of sink water a few meters south of the equator and a counterclockwise rotation a few meters north,[56] but many scientific sources claim that this is implausible.[57][58][59][60][61]. In January 1535 the San Francisco Convent was constructed, the first of about 20 churches and convents built during the colonial period. La provincia de Pichincha cuenta con una gran historia colonial, como se observa en los lugares de interés arquitectónico e histórico de la capital. El Panecillo is a hill in the middle west of the city at an altitude of about 3,016 metres (9,895 ft) above sea level. Quito is the capital of Pichincha province. Construction of this church began in 1562, seventeen years after the Diocese of Quito was created in 1545. The other club being Independiente del Valle which won the CONMEBOL Sudamericana in 2019. [citation needed]. Significado de pichincha diccionario. Coordinates: 0°15′S 78°35′W / 0.250°S 78.583°W / -0.250; -78.583, Centro de Levantamientos Integrados de Recursos Naturales por Sensores Remotos, "Roses with altitude: why Ecuador's flower industry stands out", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pichincha_Province&oldid=967090720, States and territories established in 1824, Articles needing translation from Spanish Wikipedia, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with no coordinates, Articles with Spanish-language sources (es), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Because Quito is about 40 km (25 mi) long and 5 km (3.1 mi) at its widest, most of the important avenues of the city extend from north to south. Chicago politician and community activist, This page was last edited on 30 November 2020, at 15:50. Moovit te ayuda a encontrar la mejor manera de llegar a Pichincha 69 con indicaciones paso a paso desde la estación de transporte público más cercana. Banco Pichincha - Crédito para capital de trabajo y activo fijo Capital de trabajo y activo fijo Con el crédito productivo para empresas financia tus necesidades de capital de trabajo o la adquisición de activos fijos. This reserve, which is surrounded by a 34,000 acre protected forest, was declared an IBA (Important Bird Area) in 2005[64] and is the core of the conservation corridor for the spectacled bear (Andean bear) declared in 2013. The parish was established as a result of the October 2004 political elections when the city was divided into 19 urban electoral parishes. [66], According to the National Council for Higher Education of Ecuador (CONESUP), these are the universities founded in or around Quito before 2006:[67]. Annual precipitation, depending on location, is about 1,000 mm (39 in). There is a large Catholic presence in Quito; most notably, Quito observes Holy Week with a series of ceremonies and rituals that begin on Palm Sunday. There are about 130 monumental buildings (which host a variety of pictorial art and sculpture, mostly religiously-inspired, in a multi-faceted range of schools and styles), and 5,000 properties registered in the municipal inventory of heritage properties. This structure was built by Bernardo de Legarda. It was classified as part of the Viceroyalty of Peru until 1717, after which the Audiencia was part of the new Viceroyalty of Nueva Granada. [6] Quito and Kraków, Poland, were the first World Cultural Heritage Sites declared by UNESCO, in 1978. The Spanish converted the indigenous population to Christianity and used them as labor for construction. A los pies del volcán Pichincha, rodeado de alturas montañosas que le dan el paisaje y la cultura andina, San Francisco de Quito, la capital de Ecuador, fue nombrada por la UNESCO en 1978 como Patrimonio de la Humanidad. It is managed by the Empresa de Ferrocarriles Ecuatorianos (EFE). Maquipucuna Reserve is located in Quito's rural parish of Nanegal. It was done by Francisco Albán. On 10 August 1809, a movement was again started in Quito to win independence from Spain. Phase Two, begun in 2016, involves 13 more stations, a depot and sub-systems. Pichincha was a great hike! On 9 July 1883 the liberal commander Eloy Alfaro participated in the Battle of Guayaquil, and after further conflict he became the president of Ecuador on 4 September 1895. Building took 160 years. This was installed in the late 19th century by Italian Dominicans. The city was later refounded at its present location on 6 December 1534 by 204 settlers led by Sebastián de Benalcázar, who captured leader Rumiñahui, effectively ending all organized resistance. Quito is the closest capital city to the equator. Pressure is stable, so very low pressure systems are also rare. His body was dragged through the streets of Quito to a city park, where it was burned. Pichincha, province, north-central Ecuador. Nearby is the Intiñan Solar Museum, which may be closer to the true equator. This was done by Native Americans who carefully shaped the stones to build the façade in the ornate Baroque style, in what is one of the finest examples of this art in the Americas. The conquistador Diego de Almagro founding Santiago de Quito (in present-day Colta, near Riobamba) on 15 August 1534, renamed as San Francisco de Quito on 28 August 1534. Guápulo is a district of Quito, Ecuador, also called an electoral parish (parroquia electoral urbana). The airport is located 18 kilometres (11 mi) east of the city's centre in the Tababela parish. Taxi cabs are all yellow, and they have meters that show the fare. While employed as a geologist in Ecuador, Graffham pursued his amateur interest in archaeology. In Ecuador, cantons are subdivided into parishes, so called because they were originally used by the Catholic Church, but with the secularization and liberalization of the Ecuadorian state, the political parishes were spun off the ones used by the church. Northern: is the modern Quito, with high-rise buildings, shopping centers, the financial district, and a mix of upper-class, middle-class, and working-class residential areas. The construction is of the Italian Renaissance style and it was built in the late 17th century. One of the more interesting facts of Quito is that the stadiums are located over 2,800 metres (9,200 feet) above sea level, this gives the city the special feature and a great advantage for local teams when they play against foreign teams and it is one of the reasons that has allowed Ecuador to qualify for the last two World Cups. [19] The annual average temperature is 15.6 °C (60.1 °F). Pichincha tiene muchos sitios de interés además de su histórica capital, como territorios naturales protegidos (bosques, volcanes), sitios arqueológicos y pueblos artesanales. The former runway has been converted into recreational space with lanes painted for bicycles and pedestrians. Visita el barrio antiguo, ubicado en el centro de la ciudad, que se convirtió en el primer sitio designado como Patrimonio Mundial por la Unesco en 1978. We’re a highly active group of hikers and it took us about 3 hours to summit and about 2 hours down. The prehistoric village covered over 26 hectares in an area irrigated by many creeks. [citation needed] A chain of conflicts climaxed on 24 May 1822, when Antonio José de Sucre, under the command of Simón Bolívar, led troops into the Battle of Pichincha, on the slopes of the volcano. In 1765 the work was completed with the construction of the façade. Local painters sell copies of paintings by Oswaldo Guayasamín,[50] Eduardo Kingman, and Gonzalo Endara Crow. The historic centre of the city is based on a grid pattern, despite the hills, with the streets Venezuela, Chile, García Moreno, and Guayaquil being the most important. Rumiñahui es un cantón ecuatoriano, situado en la provincia de Pichincha. Guayas. Ungraded . [41] These plans have been ruled out and replaced by the construction of the first metro line (subway) in 2012. The position also doubles as Mayor of the Metropolitan District of Quito (the canton). Every year on September 7 the guapuleños honor their neighborhood with the Fiestas de Guápulo, a fantastic celebration complete with costumes, parade, food, drink, song, dance, and fireworks. The project is expected to carry 400,000 passengers per day and to cost $1.5 billion with financing coming from the World Bank, the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), the European Investment Bank (EIB) and the Development Bank of Latin America (CAF)[43] and is expected to be operating in 2020. He made surface collections at the site during 1956. The park is suited for mountain biking, walking, and running. The city's top clubs (LDU Quito, El Nacional) have won a total of 28 national championships, over half of all championships played. The old airport was replaced due to tall buildings and nighttime fog that made landing from the south difficult. Pichincha is active and being monitored by volcanologists at the Geophysical institute of the national polytechnic university. ¿CÓMO PUEDO CONVERTIRME EN SOCIO DE MUTUALISTA PICHINCHA? Upon completing his second term in 1911, he moved to Europe. The Zoo works in conservation and education in Ecuador and has successfully bred the endangered Andean condor. It was inaugurated on April 27, 2013. [17], The volcanoes on the Central Cordillera (Royal Cordillera), east of Quito, surrounding the Guayllabamba valley, include Cotopaxi, Sincholagua, Antisana and Cayambe. [37][38][39], Although public transportation is the primary form of travel in the city, including fleets of taxis that continually cruise the roadways, the use of private vehicles has increased substantially during the past decade. Pichincha (Spanish pronunciation: [piˈtʃintʃa]) is a province of Ecuador located in the northern sierra region; its capital and largest city is Quito. In 1743, after nearly 210 years of Spanish colonization, Quito was a city of about 10,000 inhabitants. In 2008, the city was made the headquarters of the Union of South American Nations. [14] Pichincha volcano has several summits, among them Ruku Pichincha at 4,700 metres (15,400 feet) above sea level and Guagua Pichincha at 4,794 metres (15,728 feet). Los cantones o ciudades como el Distrito metropolitano de Quito tiene una división política por parroquias, estas se identifican por parroquias rurales y urbanas. A monument and museum marking the general location of the equator is known locally as la mitad del mundo (the middle of the world), to avoid confusion, as the word Ecuador is Spanish for equator. Deportivo Quito and Aucas were the first home teams to play in the national league. Since the times of the Metropolitan District of Quito, parishes of this type are also grouped into larger divisions known as municipal zones (zonas municipales). At noon on Good Friday, the March of the Penitents proceeds from the Church of San Francisco. El Ejido[49] is the fourth-largest park of Quito (after Metropolitan, Bicentenario and La Carolina), and it divides the old part of the city from the modern one. In 2011 the city's population was 2,239,191 people. Since July 2005, Quito has had an aerial tramway, known as the "Telefériqo", from the city centre to the hill known as Cruz Loma on the east side of the Pichincha volcano. Clima: Es variable de … Set on the side on a cliff with González Suárez Street, one of the most famous in Quito and to the other side the valley and further in the distance, the Amazon Jungle. Deportivo Quito was also the first out of the three home teams to win the title. It has since been determined, with the use of Global Positioning System technology, that the actual equator is some 240 metres (790 ft) north of the monument area. The Aerial tramway Station at Cruz Loma (part of the Pichincha mountain complex at about 4,000 metres (13,000 ft)). This park has 200 acres (81 ha), and it is located at 2,800 m (9,186 ft), above mean sea level. [citation needed], In 1932 the Four Days' War broke out. In the museum on the north side of the lower cloister, there are wonderful pieces by great Quito sculptors such as the Saint Dominic de Guzmán by Father Carlos, the Saint John of God by Caspicara, and the Saint Thomas Aquinas by Legarda. Población: 2´576.287 (según censo de población y vivienda 2010) Extensión territorial: 9.612 km2. 30 seconds . In colonial times, the Church of El Sagrario was one of the largest architectural marvels of Quito. Información sobre pichincha en el Diccionario y Enciclopedia En Línea Gratuito. The roof of the Mudéjar style church features paintings of martyrs of the Order of Saint Dominic. This was a civil war that followed the election of Neptalí Bonifaz and the subsequent realization that he carried a Peruvian passport. Provincia de Pichincha Posiblemente la capital de esta provincia sea casi tan o más conocida como la provincia en sí. Mapa de Pichincha 2010 Fuente: Ministerio de Transporte y Obras Públicas. The area was redeveloped as the "Parque Bicentenario" (Bicentenary Park). The ride takes visitors to an elevation of about 4,100 metres (13,500 ft). [6] The central square of Quito is located about 25 kilometres (16 mi) south of the equator; the city itself extends to within about 1 kilometre (0.62 mi) of zero latitude. At the north end of the park are two ornamental lakes, where rowboats can be rented. Quito's closest volcano is Pichincha, looming over the western side of the city. View of Quito from Basílica del Voto Nacional. Little archeological evidence had been found of any monuments or artifacts from it. Pichincha (oficialmente Provincia de Pichincha) es una de las 24 provincias que conforman la República del Ecuador.Se encuentra ubicada al norte del país, en la región geográfica conocida como sierra.La ciudad de Quito es su capital administrativa y es también la ciudad más poblada de su región comprendida también por las provincias de Napo y Orellana. For this reason, prices for liquor, beer and food are expensive compared to other places in Quito. The dry season, June through September (4 months), is referred to as summer; the wet season, October through May (8 months), is referred to as winter. [21][22], The fact that Quito lies almost on the equator means that high pressure systems are extremely rare. En concreto, Banco Pichincha realizó una ampliación de capital de 26 millones de euros en marzo, otra de 14 millones de euros en junio y la ya mencionada de 10 millones de euros de este miércoles. He returned to Ecuador in 1912 and attempted to return to power unsuccessfully; he was arrested on 28 January 1912, thrown in prison, and assassinated by a mob that stormed the prison. [3] It is located in the Guayllabamba river basin, on the eastern slopes of Pichincha,[4][verification needed] an active stratovolcano in the Andes Mountains. Quito has the highest level of tax collection in Ecuador, exceeding the national 57% per year 2009, currently being the most important economic region of the country[citation needed], as the latest "study" conducted by the Central Bank of Ecuador. Quito is located in the northern highlands of Ecuador in the Guayllabamba river basin. citizens. It hosts most government buildings and offices. The southern part of Quito has a subtropical highland climate (Köppen climate classification Cfb), while the northern part has a warm-summer mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification Csb). It is a meeting point for both local residents and tourists. [4][verification needed]. The new Mariscal Sucre International Airport, 45 minutes from central Quito, opened to air traffic on 20 February 2013. This area is considered to be the zona rosa of the city. In 1563 Quito became the seat of a Real Audiencia (administrative district) of Spain. ", "Sister City International Listings – Directory", "Convenio de amistad entre Ciudad de México y Quito", "Toronto News: Cities cherish their friends with benefits", South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Quito&oldid=991534984, 1534 establishments in the Spanish Empire, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Articles with dead external links from September 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from April 2018, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Quechua-language text, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from March 2018, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2013, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2013, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2010, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2012, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2014, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2008, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2011, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2011, Articles needing additional references from August 2011, All articles needing additional references, Articles needing additional references from April 2015, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Universidad de las Fuerzas Armadas - ESPE. Cuenca

Guayas

alternatives

Quito

Ambato

Cuenca

Tags: Question 23 . On 12 February 1949 a realistic broadcast of H. G. Wells' novel The War of the Worlds led to citywide panic, and the deaths of more than twenty people who died in fires set by mobs.[12]. The largest eruption occurred in 1660 when more than 25 centimetres (9.8 inches) of ash covered the city. Lista de Mapas - Pichincha. A 23 kilometres (14 mi) metro subway system (Quito Metro) is under construction. Rafael Correa, president from 2007 to 2017, converted the presidential compound into a museum that is accessible to all who wish to visit it. [44][45], Quito has the largest, least-altered, and best-preserved historic center in the Americas. ... Diario La Capital, Diario UNO Santa Fe, Diario UNO de Entre Ríos, La Ocho AM830, Del Siglo FM 99.5, Headquarters and regional offices of many national and international financial institutions, oil corporations and international businesses are also located in Quito, making it a world class business city. Parque Bicentenario is the second largest urban park in Quito (surpassed only by the Parque Metropolitano), located in the site of the Old Mariscal Sucre International Airport. The two main motorways that go from the northern part of the city to the southern are Avenue Oriental (Corridor Periférico Oriental) on the eastern hills that border the city, and Avenue Occidental on the western side of the city on the Pichincha volcano. This center was, together with the historic center of Kraków in Poland, the first to be declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCOon 18 September 1978. The Historic Centre of Quito is to the south of the capital's current center, on an area of 320 hectares (790 acres), and is one of the most important historic areas in Latin America. Plaza Foch is heavily frequented from Thursday to Saturday, and draws tourists from all over the world. located near the rural parish of Guayllabamba, about 20 kilometres (12 mi) outside Quito, has the biggest collection of native fauna in Ecuador, including several kinds of animals that are sometimes targeted in Ecuador in the illegal fur trade. En pleno barrio Pichincha se desbarató un ritual umbanda donde había 50 personas y en zona oeste otras tantas montaron una rave. Cantón Quito, es la capital de la provincia y capital del país. The top major industries in Quito includes textiles, metals and agriculture, with major crops for export being coffee, sugar, cacao, rice, bananas and palm oil. Sheyla Cabrera is a RE/MAX real estate expert in Iñaquito, Pichincha - Quito. "[75], This article is about the capital of Ecuador. It is situated on the lower slopes of the volcano Pichincha, which last erupted in 1666, in a narrow Andean valley at an elevation of 9,350 feet (2,850 metres), just south of the Equator. Mapa físico de Pichincha: Mapa de carreteras de Pichincha: Cantones de Pichincha 2011: Los volcanes Mojanda, Imabura y Cusin Volcanoes : Ciudades - Pichincha. In the early 21st century, there were spectacular new finds of 20-meter deep tombs in the Florida neighborhood of Quito. The park also hosts cultural exhibits and outdoor concerts. On that date a plan for government was established, which appointed Juan Pío Montúfar as president and prominent pro-independence figures in other government positions. It's divided into three sections—the green line (the central trolleybus, known as El Trole), the red line (the north-east Ecovía), and the blue line (the north-west Corridor Central). There are play structures and games for children. It has an impressive monument of Simón Bolívar at the apex. The Spanish established Roman Catholicism in Quito. [6] This center was, together with the historic center of Kraków in Poland, the first to be declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO on 18 September 1978. La agrupación Rumba Caleña, de la parroquia Calacalí, expone la música nacional en sus presentaciones por la capital y en los sectores a los que es llamada para actuar. [citation needed]. Para ser socio de Mutualista Pichincha basta con adquirir, en cualquiera de nuestras agencias, su CERTIFICADO DE APORTACIÓN DE CAPITAL, por el monto que usted decida (Mínimo USD 100,00 – cien 00/100 dólares*) 4. The current mayor is Jorge Yunda Machado.[33]. 8:00 a 16:30 Teléfono: (593 2) 394 6760 Transparencia: (593 2) 394 6760 Correo: gadpp@pichincha.gob.ec [8], The second important vestige of human settlement was found in the current neighborhood of Cotocollao (1500 BC), northwest of Quito. Since 2002 the city has been renewing its historical center. It hosts various night clubs and bars, and has a great night vibe, complete with street vendors selling gum, cigarettes and other small items. Fin de semana con fiestas, poco aislamiento y más de cien detenidos. Pichincha es una provincia conformada por ocho cantones, los cuales detallaremos a continuación: 1. The presidential residence is located on the third level of the Palace, along with administrative offices. The residence is a luxurious colonial-style apartment in which the President and his family dwell. Quito, in full Villa de San Francisco de Quito, city and capital of Ecuador. 4. Inside the church are valuable structures, such as the neo-Gothic main altar. [31], Petroecuador, the largest company in the country and one of the largest in Latin America is headquartered in Quito. This chapel was built next to the church. Pululahua Geobotanical Reserve, located a few miles northwest from La Mitad del Mundo, contains the Pululahua volcano, whose caldera (crater) is visible from a spot easily accessible by car. Quito-Ecuador. Despite the absence of high pressure, Quito can still experience settled weather. Construction of The Church of La Compañía began in 1605. It began operations on February 20, 2013, replacing the Old Mariscal Sucre International Airport located 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) north of the city centre within city limits. The latest eruption was recorded on October 5, 1999, when a few puffs of smoke were seen and much ash was deposited on the city. The long triangular La Alameda is located at the beginning of street Guayaquil, where the historic centre begins. [citation needed], One of the major events that took place in this cathedral was the murder of the Bishop of Quito, José Ignacio Checa y Barba, who during the mass of Good Friday on 30 March 1877, was poisoned by strychnine dissolved in the consecrated wine. The palace overlooks the bustling public space known as Independence Square or Plaza Grande (colonial name), together with the Archbishop's Palace, the Municipal Palace, the Hotel Plaza Grande and the Metropolitan Cathedral. [68] The Aurelio Espinoza Polit in Cotocollao, Casas de la Cultura and Catholic University are also important ones. The design of the park was made by the Dirección Metropolitana de Planificación Territorial (DMPT). [65] The area has an ecolodge located in the northern end of the Reserve where the spectacled bear can be sighted for about two months every year. This park started from the expropriation of the farm La Carolina in 1939. So this monument is also called Virgen de Legarda or Virgen del Panecillo. La Mitad del Mundo[54] (the middle of the world) is a small village administered by the prefecture of the province of Pichincha, 35 kilometres (22 mi) north of Quito. It is believed to be one of only a few in the world with human inhabitants. It consists largely of a highland area in the Andes Mountains, which descends to a small lowland fringe to the west. The work was completed in the first half of the 17th century. The altarpiece was gilded by Legarda. Merid. [citation needed]. A mayor is elected for a five-year term to govern the city. The old airport has become a metropolitan park. But by the 20th century, some prominent historians who began more academic studies, doubted accounts of the Quitu-Cara kingdom. [16], Activity in other nearby volcanoes can also affect the city. [2][32], Quito is governed by a mayor and a 15-member city council. The construction of the church began in 1550, on land adjacent to the plaza where the Native Americans engaged in the barter of products. The church building was completed in 1806, during the administration of President of the Real Audiencia, Baron Héctor de Carondelet. The monumental Basilica del Voto Nacional is the most important neo-Gothic building in Ecuador, and one of the most representative of the American continent. Otavaleños sell traditional sweaters, ponchos, carpets, and jewelry. Another Baroque masterpiece that still stands today, is the Chapel of Nuestra Señora del Rosario, a recognizable architectural icon of Quito. The street 10 de Agosto also runs north to south through most of the city, running down the middle of it. It is expected to be operational by March 2020, joining the existing public transportation network.[42]. Their accounts said that another people, known as the Cara or the Schyris, came from the coast and took over the region by 890CE.

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